By Robert J Beckstrom; Ortho Books
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Additional resources for Deck plans
If your floor is highe r, you can ra ise the deck by resting the joists on top of the b eam . The resulting ove rhang makes it easie r to conceal the footings. You could also raise the deck by le ngthening the posts. Howeve r, if the deck is highe r than 24 inches it starts feeling like a balcony a nd needs a railing. Because the d eck is attached to the house, it is ve ry important to maintain re quired clearances be tween earth and wood, usua lly 8 inches. It is a lso advisable to use all pressure -trea te d or naturally d urable lumbe r.
Be fore installing the double ledge r, measure and ma rk its length from the corner of the house to the end of the e xte nsion. C ut both 2 by l Os to length , and nail the m togethe r, 16 inches on cente r. The n e rect the far post and connect the stringer to the posts. L edgers, Posts, and Stringers M ark the ledger locations 21/2 inches b elow floor level at the doorway . Note that the ledgers are at different Ie vels, separated by a ve rtical dista nce of 7 1/2 inches. Bolt the uppe r ledger to the house flrst.
Do not overhang the first board; start it flush with the rim jOiSt. Predrill all the short pieces before you nail them to avoid splitting their e nds. Whe n all the decking is nailed in place, trim the ends flush with the edges of the beams or joists. The 2 by 4 fascia boards make the platforms appear to float out over each other. Page 40 shows a detail for creating even more of an overhang to achieve this floating effect. Footing and Beam Plan (All dimensions are center to center) fa .. " 6' 10" Beams and Joists Use higher-stress structural grades of lumber because the spans are all close to maximum for the size lumber being used.