By Brian Edwards
Courtyard Housing ДИЗАЙН, ДОМ и СЕМЬЯ,НАУКА и УЧЕБА Название: Courtyard Housing: previous, current, destiny Автор: Brian Edwards Издательство: Spon Press Год: 2005 Страниц:248ISBN: 0415262720Формат: pdf Размер: 10 MbCourtyard housing is among the oldest types of household improvement spanning no less than 2000 years and taking place in specified shape in lots of areas of the area. often linked to the center East the place weather and tradition have given form to a specific form of courtyard housing, different examples exist in Latin the USA, China and in Europe the place the version has been reinterpreted. This e-book demonstrates, via discussions on sustainability and nearby id, and through a chain of case reports, that she courtyard housing shape has a destiny in addition to a pastСкачать: uploading.com.com eighty five
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4 Axonometric drawing of an Iranian courtyard showing both interior and exterior shenashil In a broad classification Iran, Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia all lie in the hot-arid zone, where relative humidity is low, winters are cold or mild, and daytime summer temperatures may in places rise to 50°C or even higher (see Olgyay 1963). e. the difference between day and night temperatures) is also very large. Under these extreme conditions, a number of methods were employed to maintain comfort. These include the use of building materials of high thermal insulation, the construction of basements, the provision of verandas and other semi-open spaces and the use of badghir (wind-catchers) and subtle changes in the sectional profile of the courtyard.
Schema directeur d’urbanisme de la ville de Fes’, dossier technique IV, 2, in Les techniques traditionnelles de l’architecture et du decor a Fes, Paris, 1980. 22 Theorists of sustainable technology claim that the courtyard is capable of thermo-regulation. Scudo, ‘Climatic design in the Arab courtyard house’, Technology. From tradition to innovation, ed. Petruccioli, special issue of Environmental Design, 1988, no. 1, 82–91. 23 In Algiers a metal screen is ingeniously placed over the courtyard to act as both a surface to be walked on and a covering in case of rain.
It is not unusual to find that over time an extended family grew so numerous as to generate its own neighbourhood. 17 A more organic area will tend to organize along a central or dividing axis; the corner cell can be part of a larger rectangular cell (as in the Maghreb) or part of a unitary composition (as in Pompeii). Amahan, Palais et demeures de Fes: 1. Epoques merinide et saadienne (XlVe–XVIIe siecles), Paris, 1985. 19 The archetype for the skifa is found in the so-called Door of the Spirits in the Chinese house; a wall recessed with respect to the external wall and perpendicular to the access axis of the The courtyard house: typological variations over space and time 25 courtyard.