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By Jonathan Bendor

In Bounded Rationality and Politics, Jonathan Bendor considers colleges of behavioral economics--the first guided through Tversky and Kahneman's paintings on heuristics and biases, which makes a speciality of the error humans make in judgment and selection; the second one as defined by means of Gerd Gigerenzer's application on quickly and frugal heuristics, which emphasizes the effectiveness of straightforward principles of thumb. discovering every one of those radically  Read more...

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Thus, as of 1964, Wildavsky was a hedgehog about the underlying theory but a fox about heuristics—and most of his book examined the latter. Later, however, the stance of The Politics of the Budgetary Process was obscured. Wildavsky’s budgetary theory became identified with incrementalism. This was partly due to polemics: much of the critical attention focused on this part of the argument. 17 This is a necessary price of any formalization, but in this case the price was steep: DDW’s quantitative models reinforced the perception that the empirical generalization about local search, or worse, local outcomes, was the theory’s central claim.

In short, the set of people who belonged to the intersection of the two sets (substantive and skills) was very small. Too small, it turned out. Herbert A. Simon 28 (3) Inaccessibility. Crecine published in obscure places. ) Padgett’s work was inaccessible for the above human-capital reasons. So the two best exemplars of this body of work were either invisible or inaccessible. Individual versus Organizational Rationality In his first major publication, Administrative Behavior, Simon hypothesized—contrary to the American stereotype of bureaucracies as bumbling, mindless systems—that organizations routinely ameliorate the information-processing constraints of individuals.

Because economics already had a well-established research program, built on the twin foundations of individual optimization and market equilibrium, and because Simon’s program challenged a core postulate of RC, the initial 22 Herbert A. Simon reaction of most economists was hostility or, at best, indifference. Cyert and March’s significant work, A Behavioral Theory of the Firm (1963), was designed to show economists what the new research program could do, but it too failed to generate much interest.

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