By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city parts use vio lence to solid themselves as a valid political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun in the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a conventional Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments usually lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy by means of now not enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. usually, democratic societies worry that inflexible regulate measures pose a probability to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is frequently ham strung through terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass help for the govt. and its regulate measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, whilst it turns into a customary crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the full society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the phobia ist threat.
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Additional info for Antiterrorist Initiatives
1. 12. A. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979), pp. " The Nn(' York Times, December 21, 1985, p. 2. 13. Michael Wood, "Spy Fiction, Spy Fact," review of Smiley's People by John Le Carre (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980) in The New York Times Book Ree,ieu', January 6, 1980, p. 1; Barbara Harte and Carolyn Reilly, Contemporary Authors Volume V-VIII (Detroit: Gale CHAPTERl 20 Research, 1969), pp. 251-253; Tony Chiu, "Behind the Best Sellers: John Le Carre," The New York Times Book Repiew, January 6, 1980, p.
It may be impossible to get detailed information about a group like this," said Lee H. Hamilton, a member of the House Select Committee on Intelligence. G. -managed assassinations are similar to the pattern of American organized-crime murders in that people who are indigenous to the area of operations are employed as surrogates to mask the crime, with the intended victim being killed at the same time as the hit man who was hired to do the job. Thus, the drivers of the kamikaze bomb vehicles that wrecked the American facilities in Lebanon were obliterated when their cargoes exploded.
N. Puerto Rican Terrorists Suspected in New Year Bombings," The Nt'll, York Times, January 2, 1983, p. 1. 35. Robert D. S. Inquiry on Links among Terrorist Groups," The Nel(' York Times, October 25,1981, p. 40. 36. Clyde Haberman, "A Soviet-Type Rifle Tied to Bus Ambush," The New York Times, December 6, 1979, p. 23. 37. N. Terrorism," The New York Times, April 17, 1977, p. 1. 38. "Judge Calls for National Inquiry into Leak in Terrorism Case," The New York Times, Mav 28, 1977, p. 20. 39. Dick Reavis, "The Smoldering Fire," Texas Monthly, March, 1978, pp.