By Prof. Thomas Hylland Eriksen
This can be the 1st paintings to hide the total background of social and cultural anthropology in one quantity. The authors offer a precis of the self-discipline within the 19th century, from the cultural theories of Herder, Morgna, and Tylor to the usually ignored contributions of the German students of the interval. The paintings of early-twentieth century anthropologists similar to Boas and Malinowski within the US and Britain, and the sociology of Durkheim and Mauss in France, is tested. The ambiguous dating among anthropology and nationwide cultures--many of the discipline's founders have been migrants or Jews--also gets attention.
The imperative concentration of the ebook is on issues attribute of publish First-World-War anthropology, from structural functionalism , through structuralism, to hermeneutics, cultural ecology, and discourse research. every one significant anthropologist is supplied with a pill biography, and key controversies arecovered, akin to the debates on alliance and descent types of kinship, the puzzle of totmism, the issues of neo-Marxism and cultural ecology and the present battles over representations of the ''Other'' and deconstruction. This quantity offers a well timed, concise, and finished historical past of an immense highbrow self-discipline, in a fascinating and thought-provoking narrative that may attract scholars of the self-discipline world wide.
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Extra resources for A History of Anthropology
Kroeber (1876–1960), who founded the Department of Anthropology at Berkeley, together with Robert H. Lowie (1883–1957), his long-time colleague and fellow cultural historian; Edward Sapir (1884–1939), founder of the Department of Anthropology at Yale and of the school of ‘ethnolinguistics’; Melville Herskovits (1895–1963), founder of Afro-American studies in the United States, and Professor at the Department of Anthropology at Northwestern University; Ruth Benedict (1887–1948), who inherited Boas’s Chair at Columbia University, and formed the ‘culture and personality’ school; and Margaret Mead (1901–78), the runt of the litter, who continued Benedict’s work, and became perhaps the most influential public figure in the history of anthropology.
R. RadcliffeBrown (1881–1955) and Marcel Mauss (1872–1950). Between them, they effected a near-total renovation of three of the four national traditions discussed in the previous chapter – the American, the British and the French. In the fourth, Germanic, tradition, diffusionism retained its hegemony. Terrible things were in store for it, and for the Russian diffusionist tradition. Before long, Boas’s books would be burned in Berlin, a generation of Russian ethnographers would die in the Gulag, and after the Second World War, certain German ethnologists would be found guilty of Nazi collaboration.
R. Rivers (1864–1922) a psychologist, and Charles G. Seligman (1873–1940) a medical doctor. In contrast to the individualist ideal of later British fieldwork, the Torres expedition was a collective effort where scholars from various disciplines explored different aspects of the local culture. Nevertheless, due to the high quality and the impressive volume of the data they collected, many have seen these anthropologists as the first true fieldworkers. ‘Through their work’, writes one commentator, ‘British social anthropology was born’ (Hynes 1999).