Download Deception: Perspectives on Human and Nonhuman Deceit by Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson PDF

By Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson

Mitchell and Thompson have compiled the 1st interdisciplinary learn of deception and its manifestations in a number of animal species. Deception is exclusive in that it provides particular explorations of the broadest array of misleading habit, starting from misleading signaling in fireflies and stomatopods, to false-alarm calling via birds and foxes, to playful manipulating among humans and canines, to deceiving inside intimate human relationships. It deals a historic assessment of the matter of deception in comparable fields of animal habit, philosophical analyses of the which means and value of deception in evolutionary and mental theories, and various views on deception--philosophical, ecological, evolutionary, ethological, developmental, mental, anthropological, and historic. The contributions accumulated herein have enough money scientists the chance to find whatever concerning the formal homes of deception, permitting them to discover and evaluation the idea that one set of descriptive and maybe explanatory constructions is acceptable for either organic and mental phenomena.

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Extra info for Deception: Perspectives on Human and Nonhuman Deceit

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Though this German-language work contains an article on "deception and lying in the animal kingdom" by Alverdez, the book focuses predominantly on human deception. Wickler's (1968) Mimicry reviews numerous forms of animal and plant deception but, even within this narrow focus, concentrates primarily on nonbehavioral phenomena. In this respect the present collection of essays is unique: it contains the broadest array of deceptive behavior, ranging from deceptive signaling in fireflies to the deceptions that plague intimate human relationships.

We believe that a perusal of the Journal of Comparative Psychology during its first incarnation in the early 1900s leads unmistakably to the conclusion that something priceless was lost when radical behaviorism triumphed over mentalism in animal Page xxv psychology. A wealth of understanding of animal behavior exists in those early JCP pages. We also note a revival of mentalistic concepts among specialists interested in machine intelligence. As machines become more and more complicated, the richness that mentalistic concepts provide may be required to give a comprehensible account of what the machines are doing.

Let us therefore take the least complex interpretation that the facts of animal behavior will admit, always remembering that we may be wrong in so doing. In addition to Morgan's canon, his notion that the development of action patterns be used as evidence for inferences of the higher men- Page 12 tal processes involved in these patterns was influential. By observing the different ways animals solved problems after varied experiences with the objects used in these problems, researchers such as Birch (1945) empirically demonstrated that the development of an animal's actions was related to the animal's current action.

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