By Doug Dildy
В мае 1943 года специально созданная эскадрильи королевских ВВС Великобритании ночью атаковала с немецкую ГЭС в долине Рура, жизненно важную для нацистской военной индустрии.
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Extra resources for Dambusters Operation Chastise 1943
Plan and Practice 'The Longest briefing I ever attended' Shortly after noon on Sunday, 16 May, crew members began to be briefed on their specific duties for the mission. Gibson and Wallis met with the pilots and navigators while 5 Group chief signals officer Wg Cdr Wally Dunn met with the wireless operators. Two of the 21 crews were not included: Pit Off Bill Divall had a knee injury and Flt Lt Harry Wilson was ill. Thus, there were 19 crews for 19 aircraft. The third prototype aircraft, ED825, was flown in from Boscombe Down as a spare, loaded with an Upkeep and coded AJ-T, but there was not time to mount the TRl 143 radio or rhe spotlight altimeter.
Against airborne targets it had a maximum effective range of 7,218ft (2,200m), but doctrine dictated opening fire at approximately 3,280ft ( 1,000m), using open sights for the first burst and the flight of tracers to correct to the target. As his aircraft arrived over the Mohnesee, wireless operator Flt Lt Robert 'Hutch' Hutchison, DFC, switched on the VHF and Gibson called for a 'check-in' of his section. 'Cooler 2' and 'Cooler 3' answered and the mission commander said: 'Stand by, chaps, I'm going to look the place over'.
Opposite che table che night's RAF and WAAF ducy staff gradually filled in the operations chalkboard as progress reporcs were received from 'Cooler' aircraft. Tensions were high - and anxiety and apprehension mounting - as the first few 'Goner' reporcs were relayed by Dunn. Because 'Cooler 4' reporced ahead of Gibson's wingmen, it was feared that Marcin as well as Hopgood had been broughc down in the attacks. Three near-simultaneous 'no-breach' reporcs made Wallis lose confidence in his creation.