By Donald F. Lach
Paperback variation 1994
Read Online or Download Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume II: A Century of Wonder. Book 3: The Scholarly Disciplines PDF
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Additional resources for Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume II: A Century of Wonder. Book 3: The Scholarly Disciplines
92 Information was requested from noted foreign cosmographers-for example, Torricelli and Hieronymus Munzer-on the possibilities of a western navigation to Asia. By 1485 the cosmographers and astronomers employed by the Portuguese had simplified the noon solar declination tables for computing polar altitude when finding latitude both north and south of the equator. 93 Pilots had to be taught to apply declination to their open-sight observations of the sun in order to determine latitude in any part of the world.
The father of the discipline of historical chronology was moved to undertake his De emendatjone temporum (1583) by his study of Eastern languages and history. His major object in this work was to divorce the discussion of chronology from theological and metaphysical speculation and to establish a scientific ordering for world history. 77 His information on the "Ten Stems" and "Twelve Branches" of Chinese chronological reckoning may have come from a 1437 compendium of Persian calendars and at. (n.
Pagel and M. Winder, "The Higher Elements and Prime Matter in Renaissance Naturalism and in Paracelsus," Ambix, XXI (1974), 93-127. These and other references were furnished me thro'ugh the courtesy of Walter Pagel in a letter of Apri122, '1975. For a few references to "eightness" in Indian thought see G. J. Larson, Classical Siimkhya: An Interpretatiot) of Its Meaning (Delhi, 1969), pp. 173 n. 17, 209-10, 212. 130 For a discussion of the present status of the controversy over the sixteenth-century interest in "chemical drugs" see R.