By James Henry Breasted
Quantity three of "Ancient documents of Egypt" opens at the chaotic aftermath of King Akhenaten's spiritual revolution. Breasted chronicles the precarious reigns of Akhenaten's successors and the political and felony reforms of King Horemheb, who succeeded to the throne after the passing of the final contributors of the royal kin. This quantity comprises the $64000 edict of Horemheb, meant to avoid the oppressive abuses hooked up with the gathering of taxes from the typical humans, and the inscriptions of Roy, excessive priest of Amon, exhibiting the 1st transmission from father to son of the place of work of the excessive priest. within the context of a protracted heritage of mutilating and changing reliefs for political reasons, Breasted discusses the insertion right into a reduction of the determine of Ramesses II with a view to strengthen his declare to the throne. This quantity additionally comprises the treaty of alliance that sealed peace with the Hittites lower than Ramesses II; a sequence of records that list the invasion of Libyans and Mediterranean Sea humans throughout the reign of Merneptah; and, the nice Temple of Abu Simbel, the main extraordinary of the rock-cut temples of Egypt. this primary whole paperback version of Breasted's five-volume "Ancient files of Egypt" makes to be had to a brand new viewers a milestone in Egyptology and within the compilation of documentary histories. essentially annotated for the lay reader, the records supply copious facts of exchange relatives, building actions, diplomatic envoys, international expeditions, and different features of a lively, hugely prepared, and centrally managed society. Breasted's statement is either conscientiously documented and obtainable, suffused with a contagious fascination for the occasions, the personalities, the cultural practices, and the sophistication those files point out.
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Extra resources for Ancient Records of Egypt: The Nineteenth dynasty
Birchhas m (for nn), but as he also renders ")or us," it shows clearly that he never revised Bonomi's text of the inscription for publication. " GRAFFITI I N T H E THEBAN NECROPOLISa 32A. The significance of these graffiti does not consist alone in the light which they throw upon the history of the robbery of the royal tombs at Thebes, showing that their violation began at least two centuries earlier than we had supposed; but they reveal to us also the state of anarchy which followed the religious revolution of Ikhnaton.
There was, therefore, a shrine or chapel of the "Divilte Consort" in the king's palace. dWhich Re once wore as King of Egypt. I8 NINETEENTH DYNASTY: HARMHAB 18 30 Festival i n Luxor 30. Then came forth to the 1°rreara in the palace the majesty of this august god, Amon, king of gods, his son being before him. a The Nine Bows are beneath his feet. Heaven is in festivity, earth hath joy. The ennead of gods of Egypt, their hearts are happy. 21Behold,all the land was in joy, they cried out to heaven; great and small, they took up the jubilation; the whole land was rejoicing.
G IX. AGAINST CONNlVANCE OF DISHONEST INSPECTORS W I T H THIEVISH TAX-COLLECTORS, FOR A SHARE O F T H E BOOTY (LL. 28-32) 58. Now, as for this other instance of evil which the [rofficial staff were accustomed to commit, when they held inspectionl]' in the land, of that which happenedi &'against the lawl], [the table-scribe of] apthe queen and the table-scribe of the harem went about after the official staff, *The officers, here pluralized. bThe same punishment inflicted as in 5s 51 and 54. herds-bf the Pharaoh which were contracted to be maintained by private individuals; see also Ameni (I.