By James K. Hoffmeier
Pharaoh Akhenaten, who reigned for seventeen years within the fourteenth century B.C.E, is without doubt one of the so much exciting rulers of historic Egypt. His ordinary visual appeal and his preoccupation with worshiping the solar disc Aten have inspired educational dialogue and controversy for greater than a century. regardless of the various books and articles approximately this enigmatic determine, many questions on Akhenaten and the Atenism faith stay unanswered.
In Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism, James okay. Hoffmeier argues that Akhenaten used to be now not, as is usually stated, an intensive advocating a brand new faith yet fairly a primitivist: that's, person who reaches again to a golden age and emulates it. Akhenaten's notion was once the previous state (2650-2400 B.C.E.), whilst the sun-god Re/Atum governed because the unmatched head of the Egyptian pantheon. Hoffmeier unearths that Akhenaten used to be a real convert to the worship of Aten, the only writer God, in keeping with the Pharoah's personal testimony of a theophany, a divine stumble upon that introduced his monotheistic spiritual odyssey.
The booklet additionally explores the Atenist religion's attainable dating to Israel's faith, delivering a detailed comparability of the hymn to the Aten to Psalm 104, which has been pointed out by way of students as motivated via the Egyptian hymn.
Through a cautious analyzing of key texts, works of art, and archaeological reports, Hoffmeier offers compelling new insights on a faith that predated Moses and Hebrew monotheism, the effect of Atenism on Egyptian faith and politics, and the aftermath of Akhenaten's reign.
Read Online or Download Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism PDF
Best egypt books
Five many years after Nasser and the unfastened officials overthrew the British-backed monarchy in a dramatic coup d'état, the way forward for Egypt grows extra doubtful by means of the day. John Bradley examines the junctions of Egyptian politics and society as they slowly collapse lower than the dual pressures of a ruthless army dictatorship at domestic and a fallacious heart East coverage in Washington. inside of Egypt is a tour-de-force of the main brutal Arab nation the place torture and corruption are endemic--but one who can be a key U. S. all and a old neighborhood trendsetter. This uniquely insightful booklet brings to shiny existence Egypt's competing identities and political developments, because the Mubarak dynasty struggles to solve a succession predicament and the disciplined Islamists wait patiently within the wings for an opportunity to grab power.
Someone switched over the pdf to epub entire with TOC. It's approximately retail caliber.
Evidence collide with fiction within the pulse-pounding sequel to the hugely praised The Alexander Cipher, that includes archaeologist Daniel Knox.
THE EXODUS QUEST
On the path of the misplaced useless Sea Scrolls, archaeologist Daniel Knox stumbles upon a robbery in development at an old temple close to Alexandria. Then a senior Egyptian archaeologist is violently killed, and the finger of suspicion issues at Knox himself. so as to add to his mounting concerns, his companion Gaille Bonnard is abducted whereas exhibiting a tv workforce round the ruins of Amarna. She manages to smuggle out a message, pleading with Knox to rescue her, yet he's locked in a police cellphone on suspicion of homicide 1000s of miles away. His in simple terms wish of clearing his identify and saving Gaille is to crack one of many maximum unsolved mysteries of the traditional global. .. ahead of it's too past due.
Sarcophagus texts are usually thought of the main expression of center state faith. yet have been those texts fairly written for the good thing about every one person? This quantity demonstrates that the "users" of Sarcophagus texts didn't symbolize the inhabitants as a complete, yet in basic terms particular assorted teams.
"The highbrow historical past of historical Egypt" – as soon as wrote Jan Assmann – "can infrequently be stated to became a part of our cultural reminiscence. it's a topic of fascination, no longer of realizing. " This fascination all started whilst historic Greek travelers all started vacationing Egypt, and maintains unto at the present time, quite often as a scholarly look for the oldest roots of our cultural reminiscence.
- Nurturing the Nation: The Family Politics of Modernizing, Colonizing, and Liberating Egypt, 1805-1923
- Ancient Perspectives on Egypt (Encounters with Ancient Egypt)
- The Hebrew Pharaohs of Egypt: The Secret Lineage of the Patriarch Joseph
- New Kingdom Egypt
- The Buried Pyramid
Additional resources for Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism
7, 19. 105 Urk. 7. 12 Sphinx Stela of Thutmose IV (Giza). Photo James K. Hoffmeier. These two 18th Dynasty stelae clearly associate the sphinx with his various solar forms. Moreover, the link between the pharaoh and Atum as the son of Re is firmly re-established, showing the continuity of the tradition that goes back a thousand years earlier. The Sun-Disc Reliefs of the king in action with vulture, falcon, or the sun-disc hovering overhead to represent the presence and protection of the deity are a staple of New Kingdom royal art.
Photo James K. Hoffmeier. Florence Friedman, “Notions of Cosmos in the Step Pyramid Complex,” Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson (ed. Peter der Manuelian; Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1996), 338. 70 Jean-Philippe Lauer, Saqqara: The Royal Cemetary of Memphis (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1976), 90–136. W. Stevenson Smith, The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt (Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1965), 30–38. 71 Lauer, Saqqara, 94. 72 Faulkner, The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, 181, 307.
118 26 Akhenaten and the Origins of Monotheism “Inventory in On,” apparently in the temple complex in Heliopolis. Khufu orders Djedi to get it for him, but he declines, indicating “the eldest of the three children who are in the womb of Ruddedet . . ” “Who is this Ruddedet” the king asked. The answer: “she is the wife of a priest of Re, lord of Sakhbu, who is pregnant with three children of Re, lord of Sakhbu. ” News of kings who would reign that were not his offspring was troubling to the monarch.