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By J. Mehler & T. G. Bever (Editors)

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Additional resources for Cognition, Vol. 3, No. 3

Sample text

Or, it may be read as meaning that Rosemary, noting the administrative capabilities of the secretary, believed that these capabilities indicated a trustworthy character. , assigned a reading. (5) Rosemary trusted the secretary because she was gullible. This example brings us directly to the question of the role of semantic factors in the assignment of pronoun antecedents. Although sentences 5) and 3) are both ambiguous, they appear to differ in the availability or salience of alternative assignments.

V. 0. Quine, From a logical point of view. : Harvard University Press. Sinclair-de-Zwart, H. (1969) Developmental psycholinguistics. In D. Elkind & J. ), Studies in cognitive development. New Yqrk, Oxford University Press. Vygotsky, L. S. (1962) Tholfght and Language. , MIT Press. On a remarqub que les enfants 6prouvent des difficult& i bvaluer des contradictions de la forme p & -p et des tautologies de la forme p v -p. On a fait les hypothsses suivantes: (a) Les difficult& de ces &non&s ne sont pas uniquement dues aux mots logiques qui les composent.

Factors influencing assignment of pronoun antecedents 229 features of sentence structure. Specifically, the question being raised concerns the kinds of knowledge a listener might use in selecting the antecedent of a potentially ambiguous pronoun. If the listener employs some sort of pragmatic strategy, it would still be subject to qualifications. For example, on hearing 4) the hearer might predict: “The topic of the first clause is likely to be the topic of the second clause as well. Lacking any counterindications, 1 will assume that the antecedent of the pronoun topic she is the topic Rosemary”.

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