Download Charles I and the People of England by David Cressy PDF

By David Cressy

The tale of the reign of Charles I - during the lives of his humans.

Prize-winning historian David Cressy mines the widest diversity of archival and published assets, together with ballads, sermons, speeches, letters, diaries, petitions, proclamations, and the court cases of secular and ecclesiastical courts, to discover the aspirations and expectancies not just of the king and his fans, but additionally the unruly energies of a lot of his matters, displaying how royal authority used to be constituted, in peace and in conflict - and the way it all started to disintegrate.

A combination of micro-historical research and constitutional conception, parish politics and ecclesiology, army, cultural, and social background, Charles I and the folk of England is the 1st significant try to attach the political, constitutional, and non secular heritage of this important interval in English background with the event and aspirations of the remainder of the inhabitants. From the king and his ministers to the standard dealings and critiques of parishioners, petitioners, and taxpayers, David Cressy re-creates the broadest attainable landscape of early Stuart England, because it slipped from complacency to revolution.

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93 Domestic servants and servants in husbandry were commonly hired by the year, and might enjoy other perquisites besides relative security. The Yorkshire farmer Henry Best hired servants in husbandry at varying rates from £1 6s. to £3 a year. One of the best paid, Robert Gibson, was ‘to have £3 wages and an old hat’. William Wallis, hired in 1631, received £1 19s. ‘and a pair of old stockings’. 97 Commerce required a cash economy, eased by credit, with informal transactions involving barter. It paid to be literate, as the Cheshire yeoman Richard Higginson discovered in January 1642.

193 It was a matter for the Privy Council when Anthony Spittle, the postmaster at Basingstoke, gave his superior officers ‘very ill language’ and let it be known that ‘he cared not what they could do . . not so much for his wife’s turd, and . . 195 Yorkshiremen seem to have been especially contemptuous of established authority, at least so the records suggest. ’198 Reports of disorderly and socially disruptive words were so abundant that one risks being swamped by them. 199 Oxford magistrates recorded exchanges in which an inferior called a superior ‘a rascal and a base scoundrel and a scurvy scab’,200 or ‘a beggarly knave, a base fellow .

And ever in dislike with the present times’. 128 The people, preached Thomas Hurste in 1637, were restless, rash, giddy, discontented, and envious. Without magisterial authority to guide them, he said, the ‘people are like a riotous rout in war . . 129 To Henry King, dean of Rochester, ‘the people are as an inundation of water, like the waves for number and for noise, and would resemble the wild disorder of a wrought sea . . did not the king in his authority limit their incessant motion’. 132 The East Anglian cleric John Yates was scathing of the ‘multitude, whose very wisdom .

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