Download Business Ratios and Formulas: A Comprehensive Guide by Steven M. Bragg PDF

By Steven M. Bragg

Required interpreting for somebody beginning, working, or growing to be a enterprise, enterprise Ratios and formulation, moment version places solutions on the fingertips of commercial managers, with approximately 250 operational standards and transparent, easy-to-understand reasons that may be used straight away. the second one version contains nearly fifty new ratios and formulation, in addition to new chapters overlaying ratios and formulation for e-commerce and human assets.

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These ratios can be used to make a case for foreign exchange hedging operations, which will mitigate the risk of foreign exchange losses. qxd 9/13/06 12:37 PM Page 23 Asset Utilization Measurements / 23 Formula: Divide both recognized and unrecognized foreign currency gains and losses by net income. The formula is: Foreign currency gains and losses —————————————— Net income A variation is to divide both recognized and unrecognized foreign currency gains and losses by total sales. This approach gives one a perspective on the size of such gains and losses in relation to total revenue generating activity.

Qxd 9/13/06 12:37 PM Page 11 Asset Utilization Measurements / 11 This table reveals that the company is extremely profitable, with over a million dollars being added to retained earnings in every year. The company does not appear to be using these funds, since the amount of incremental investment in fixed assets is miniscule. The sales to equity ratio shows that the amount of equity in the business is continuing to rise in relation to sales. Consequently, the auditor can make a good case that the company should be distributing more of its equity as dividends; being taxable, these dividends will increase the taxes collected by the Friendly Tax Collection Service.

05 500 $14,025 $7,194 1,120 $31,416 $1,990 $21,219 $33,406 in the direct labor applied to a product will also result in a much larger change in the amount of overhead cost that is applied to it. Another problem is that there may be little relationship between the overhead cost pool and any single activity measure—instead, machine hours are only related to machine repairs and utilities, while supervisory salaries are related to an entire production line, rent is related to the square footage used by a production line, and so on.

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