By Philip Slavin
Despite elevated commercialization and an effective community of neighborhood markets in 1300s Europe—as good as major expenditures and hazards linked to the construction, transportation, and garage of food—some landed lords, monasteries, and convents persevered to depend on the produce in their personal estates. This distinctive learn units out to account for the complicated state of affairs, masking the interval among 1260 and 1536, with an in-depth research of the altering styles and fortunes of the provisioning of Norwich Cathedral Priory. because it examines the full technique of nutrition supply from box to desk, the list explores the query of foodstuff defense in the context of some of the crises within the 14th century, and likewise illustrates the aftereffects of the Black demise. even supposing delivering extraordinary perception into the Priory, the e-book additionally serves as an incredible source on realizing the overdue center a long time economic climate of britain and society in the course of a time of upheaval.
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Extra info for Bread and Ale for the Brethren: The Provisioning of Norwich Cathedral Priory, 1260-1536
The hosteler (hostilarius) was attached to the guest hall and looked after visitors. 33 The precentor (precentorius) shared some liturgical duties with the sacrist, but his main responsibilities were to train the boys’ choir and to arrange festive processions. 36 Obviously, the monks were not the only inhabitants of the priory. Three more groups should be noted: labourers receiving their annual stipend, servants (famuli) and occasional guests. H. Saunders suggested that there were about 270 mouths to be 26.
From the 1430s onwards, however, the priory authorities cut down the oat allowances drastically, allocating larger quantities of grass, found in abundance on the Cellarer’s Meadows (in the south-eastern corner of the priory precinct), adjacent to the stables. In the 1490s, during the construction of the ‘Great Stable’, presumably on the site of the Cellarer’s Meadows, much hay and straw was purchased to compensate for temporary losses of grassland. Between 1454 and 1536 the overall quantities of oats and oat bran distributed among horses fell from around 155 to 15 quarters a year, with the shortfall made up of grass-based fodder.
2 Grain market of Norwich Cathedral Priory, 1382–1538. Source: NRO, DCN 1/1/59–110. 4 Overpopulation may have made grain surpluses rare and small, and possibly for that reason the brethren were compelled to rely on many small-scale purchases from numerous farms and markets. The grain hinterland in the post-Black Death era was quite different. 2). 3 miles from the priory). The total area of the grain hinterland was nearly identical to that in 1279–98 (about 1716 square miles), with 13 miles as the average distance to a hub from the priory.