By Susan Sontag
First released in 1966, this celebrated book--Sontag's first selection of essays--quickly turned a latest vintage, and has had a huge impact in the United States and out of the country on puzzling over the humanities and modern tradition. in addition to the identify essay and the well-known "Notes on Camp," Against Interpretation contains unique and provocative discussions of Sartre, Simone Weil, Godard, Beckett, science-fiction video clips, psychoanalysis, and modern spiritual considering. This variation incorporates a new afterword by way of Sontag.
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Extra resources for Against Interpretation and Other Essays
There are perennial debates on American college campuses: should every student have some acquaintance with the great books of the West? The issues are ideological and hinge on a conception of the nature of culture and civilization. There is nothing comparably ideological about learning how to use Planck's constant or the mechanical equivalent of heat. No physicist would dream of compelling students to read Planck or Dirac, let alone Boltzmann or Joule. But the students have to master the dead and digested science associated with those names, not because of their cultural or even pedagogical value, but because that is part of the stable knowledge with 39 POSITIONS which many of the students will change bits of the world, and on which a few of the research oriented among them will build new knowledge.
The material substance that we investigate or with which we investigate is not always best called a "thing"; instruments are things; are Norway rats or polarized electrons or bacteriophages things? " I speak of the outcomes of an experiment as marks, and subsequent manipulation of marks to produce more marks. This is reminiscent of Latour's insistence that a laboratory instrument is simply an "inscription-device" and that the immediate product of a laboratory is an inscription (1987, 681. For me, "mark" is not only the shorter word; but also more suitably ambiguous, allowing it to cover a number of my items.
On the Margins of Science: The Social Construction of Rejected Knowledge. Sociological Review Monograph 27 (University of Keele). Wittgenstein, L. 1953. Philosophical Investigations. New York: Macmillan. , ed. 1988. Knowledge and Reflexivity: New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge. Beverly Hills: Sage. 26 PAR T 1 POSITIONS 2 The Self-Vindication of the Laboratory Sciences Ian Hacking 1 Theses The unity of science was once a battle cry, but today it is the fashion to emphasize the disunities among the sciences.