By Janet M. Currie
In a single of the main provocative books ever released on America's social welfare approach, economist Janet Currie argues that the trendy social defense internet is lower than attack.
Unlike so much books approximately antipoverty courses, Currie trains her concentration now not on money welfare, which debts for a small and shrinking proportion of federal expenses on negative households with childrens, yet at the staples of today's American welfare method: Medicaid, foodstuff Stamps, Head commence, WIC, and public housing. those courses, Currie keeps, shape an efficient, if mostly invisible and haphazard protection internet, and but they're the very courses so much susceptible to political assault and misunderstanding.
This publication highlights either the significance and the fragility of this security web, arguing that, whereas now not excellent, it really is necessary to scuffling with poverty. Currie demonstrates how America's defense web is threatened by means of turning out to be finances deficits and via an misguided public trust that antipoverty courses for kids don't paintings and are riddled with fraud.
By unearthing new empirical info, Currie makes the case that social courses for households with young children are literally remarkably powerful. She takes her argument one step extra through supplying particular reforms--detailed in every one chapter--for bettering those courses much more. The publication concludes with an outline of an built-in security internet that will struggle poverty extra successfully and stop little ones from slipping via holes within the web. (For instance, Currie recommends the implementation of a gain "debit card" that might offer merits with much less administrative burden at the recipient.)
A supplement to books reminiscent of Barbara Ehrenreich's bestselling "Nickel and Dimed," which record the private struggles of the operating bad, "The Invisible protection Net" presents a big-picture examine the type of courses and ideas that will aid ease these struggles. finished and authoritative, it's going to suggested an immense reexamination of the present pondering on bettering the lives of needy american citizens.
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Extra resources for The Invisible Safety Net: Protecting the Nation's Poor Children and Families
We haven’t quite retired the ontological debate. No doubt the terms of the debate have changed. The concern is not whether there is a body of rules which displays enough formal hallmarks of ‘law’. Challenges from the Austinian standpoint (lacking a sovereign, 48 49 50 T. Franck, Fairness in International Law and International Institutions (Oxford, Clarendon Press 1995) 6. Or see T. Franck, ‘Fairness in the International Legal and Institutional System’, General Course on Public International Law (1993) 240 Recueil des Cours 9, 25.
Churchill and A. V. Lowe, Law of the Sea (3rd edn, Manchester University Press 1999) Chapter 12. See also Chapter 4 of this book. on treaty conflict and the questions that follow (5) (6) 7 developing equatorial States (Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Ecuador, Indonesia, Kenya, Uganda and Zaire). 11 In 2005, the United States and India announced plans to conclude a civil nuclear cooperation agreement under which the United States would supply nuclear fuel and technology to India. India maintains a nuclear weapons programme but, unlike the United States, is not a party to the 1968 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
13. , 3. , 6. , 9. 65 Each of these models operates within bilateral relationships: to Goldsmith and Posner, multilateral relationships are, usually, only aggregates of bilateral relationships. In Goldsmith and Posner’s account, doctrine may identify what the law provides at any given time, but this cannot ensure that it is actually complied with by States. Rather, depending on the relative power of the States, their actions may serve to modify the law itself. They make this claim particularly emphatically vis-a`-vis customary international law: while insisting that they do not deny its existence,66 they do in effect deny the concept any value.