By Ahmad, Jalal Al-i; Translated by R. Campbell; Annotations and Introduction by Hamid Algar
Suppressed in Iran throughout the reign of the Shah, this ebook for the 1st time in a cautious, annotated translation was once released after the Islamic Revolution. it's a powerful and emotional assertion by way of an Iranian highbrow deeply serious about what he observed as his country’s succumbing to "A plague from the West" or "occidentosis." providing observations, insights, purposes for satisfaction in Iran’s earlier and tradition, and important analyses of the Western function in th international. Jalal Al-i Ahmad expresses the various matters that agitated the intelligentsia through the twenty years earlier than the Islamic Revolution. the writer starts off through explaining his time period "occidentosis: and describing how he sees the area: as divided among the poles of East and West. The department isn't really a lot a geographical or an ideological schism, as a department among the produces and the shoppers of machines. a short evaluate of heritage is helping clarify how and why Iran grew occidentotic. He can't and doesn't forget about the function of oil. the numerous contradictions that outcome from the pressured intake of Western machines and items in Iran are the topic of the longest and so much conscientiously thought of chapters within the publication. Westerners, who industrailized step-by-step over enormous quantities of years, by no means observed such sharp contrasts as "a guy grading Kharg Island with a big bulldozer with blue bead placing from the steerage wheel." Breaking the spell of occidentosis is the topic of one other bankruptcy. the writer rejects either the choices of final passive shoppers of the laptop and eschewing the computer and reverting to pre-industrial modes of lifestyles. quite, he advocates gaining keep watch over of the computer so Iranians can use it as a method, no longer an finish, "to abolish poverty and positioned fabric and non secular welfare with the succeed in of all." As an educator Jalal Al-i Ahmad used to be really inquisitive about ow Iran's colleges guard its occidentotic society. He issues out during this publication how leaders whose first curiosity was once no longer the welfare of the Iranian humans or the upkeep of its cultural traditions have been became out yr after yr by way of Iranian universities or again to their state from American and eu academic associations. The ebook closes with a plea for everybody not only Iranians or Easterners, to rouse to the hazards of mechanosis, the final word finish of so as to be destruction of the area with a nuclear bomb.
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Additional info for Occidentosis: A Plague from the West (Contemporary Islamic thought)
61 By 1311/1932, D'Arcy's original concession was more than halfway to its expiry. The British Admiralty, that is, the British government, had to use the existing centralized power (one man speaking for the whole establishment: the assembly, the ministerial body, the army, the security forces), while the iron was hot to renew the concession. 62 The puppet Majlis votes, and D'Arcy's concession is first canceled, then renewed, with enough fanfare to prevent even experienced old-timers from suspecting anything or wishing to dig deeper.
For the other points, refer to the histories of civilization. Prior to the discovery of the sea routes, across the Iranian plateau passed the greatest, if not the only, routes from Far East to Far West, from China and India to the Mediterranean shores: the Silk Road, the road of spices, paper, goods - for the West. Along the route of these caravans laden with riches, our opulent cities Wellsprings of the Flood 47 raised their ramparts and sheltered the caravaners from across the world under their shady verandas.
See Sayyid Fakhr ad-Din Shadman, Tashkir-i Tamaddun-i Farangi [Mastering European civilization], Tehran, 1326/1947. Sayyid Shadman has the merit of precedence over me in having sought a remedy for "Frenchification" years ago. He advocated serious study of the mother tongue, as well as translation of Western works of philosophy, science, and manners. But though he diagnosed the condition well, his remedy was not reliable. Since his time, thousands of European books have been translated, and each of us has read through the whole gamut of European conceptions; yet we turn more "Frenchified" by the day because this "Frenchification," or what I call "dandification," is just a symptom of the underlying illness of occidentosis.