By Shelagh Weir
A Tribal Order describes the politico-legal process of Jabal Razih, a distant massif in northern Yemen inhabited through farmers and investors. opposite to the preferred photograph of heart japanese tribes as warlike, lawless, and at all times against states, the tribes of Razih have good buildings of governance and complicated legislation and techniques for protecting order and resolving conflicts with no less than actual violence. Razihi leaders additionally traditionally cooperated with states, supplied the latter revered their customs, beliefs, and pursuits. Weir considers the program within the context of the rugged surroundings and effective agricultural economic system of Razih, and of centuries of continuing rule via Zaydi Muslim regimes and (latterly) the republican governments of Yemen. The publication is predicated on Weir's prolonged anthropological fieldwork on Jabal Razih, and on her precise learn of hundreds and hundreds of handwritten contracts and treaties between and among the tribes and rulers of R\azi\h. those files offer a desirable perception into tribal politics and legislations, in addition to state-tribe relatives, from the early 17th to the overdue 20th century. A Tribal Order is additionally enriched through case histories that vividly light up tribal practices. total, this surprisingly wide-ranging paintings offers an obtainable account of a impressive Arabian society via time.
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Extra info for A Tribal Order: Politics and Law in the Mountains of Yemen (CMES Modern Middle East Series)
Indb 19 11/27/06 10:56:25 AM The Tribal System pearance, flavor, and mildly stimulating effects—and consequently their value. ¯ı qa¯t was traded only to the plateau and the Tiha¯mah; but afterward it could be marketed as far as Hodeidah and even Sanaa. Improvements in transportation coincided with a huge nationwide increase in demand. After the great hike in oil prices in 1973–74, Yemeni migrants earned high wages in Saudi Arabia, which pushed up Yemeni wages. This new prosperity caused an explosion of consumerism, including a national efflorescence in qa¯t consumption.
A¯ r Hamda¯ n (Bak¯ı l) Western mountains Eastern mountains Plateau Eastern desert Uqa¯ rib Foothills J. 3 Cross-section through the northern highlands of Yemen, showing rainfall pends, and tell of herculean competitions between legendary terrace-builders who hewed the stones, built the retaining walls, and lugged the infill earth from the lower slopes. Terraces demand constant toil and vigilance. They can become waterlogged during storms, causing breaches in walls and earth-falls onto lower terraces; and violent floods (sing.
A¯, the religious Feast of Sacrifice. Laborers (sing. sha¯qı¯ ) are hired for short-term labor needs, such as for ploughing, picking coffee (December–February), and harvesting and packing qa¯t (all year round), the daily wage being determined by the going rate and the worker’s skills. There is no evidence that sharecroppers or wage laborers ever constituted a dependent and subservient economic or social class in Ra¯zih. indb 33 11/27/06 10:56:30 AM The Tribal System in Ra¯zih. to being an agricultural tenant; in fact landowners are often also sharı¯ks or sha¯qı¯s, typically working a neighbor’s terraces as well as their own.