By Cécile Laborde
The 1st accomplished research of the philosophical matters raised through the hijab controversy in France, this e-book additionally conducts a discussion among modern Anglo-American and French political concept and defends a innovative republican way to so-called multicultural conflicts in modern societies. It seriously assesses the respectable republican philosophy of laГЇcitГ© which alleged to justify the 2004 ban on non secular symptoms in colleges. LaГЇcitГ© is proven to surround a finished conception of republican citizenship, headquartered on 3 beliefs: equality (secular neutrality of the general public sphere), liberty (individual autonomy and emancipation) and fraternity (civic loyalty to the neighborhood of citizens). hard reliable interpretations of laГЇcitГ©, the booklet then places ahead a serious republicanism which doesn't aid the hijab ban, but upholds a revised interpretation of 3 critical republican commitments: secularism, non-domination and civic unity. hence, it articulates a model of secularism which squarely addresses the matter of established order bias--the proven fact that Western societies are traditionally no longer impartial in the direction of all religions. It additionally defends a imaginative and prescient of lady emancipation which rejects the coercive paternalism inherent within the legislation of non secular costume, but doesn't go away members unaided within the face of non secular and secular, patriarchal and ethnocentric domination. eventually, the publication outlines a conception of immigrant integration which locations the weight of civic integration on simple socio-political associations, instead of on voters themselves. serious republicanism proposes a completely new method of the administration of non secular and cultural pluralism, centerd at the pursuit of the revolutionary perfect of non-domination in present, non-ideal societies. Oxford Political Theory provides the simplest new paintings in modern political concept. it really is meant to be huge in scope, together with unique contributions to political philosophy, and likewise paintings in utilized political concept. The sequence will include works of remarkable caliber with out restrict as to procedure or material. sequence Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan.
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Additional info for Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy
For example, communal cemeteries were secularized: religious signs such as crosses were removed and only discreet symbols were allowed on individual tombstones. Religious marriages are ignored by French law: only civil marriages have legal validity. Exemption from military service may be Ofﬁcial Republicanism, Equality, and the Hijab 37 granted on non-religious conscientious grounds. The agnostic principle, in sum, requires the state not to single out religious believers for special treatment, and to ensure that the public sphere is bereft of potentially exclusionary religious references and symbols.
What it more modestly seeks to show is that neither the radical multiculturalist rhetoric of the recognition of difference as an alternative to the ideal of civic inclusion nor the liberal and republican unconscious idealization of status quo arrangements in actual Western societies have helped reduce the ‘citizenship deﬁcit’ of members of minorities. Both, in fact, have underestimated the appeal of the republican ideal of inclusive citizenship, when this is critically understood and applied, as I seek to do in this book, by interrogating the complex relationships between ideal and practical norms on the one hand, and the ends and means of progressive reform on the other.
Critical republicanism signiﬁcantly improves on Pettit’s theory, however, by pointing to forms of domination which, being the product of indoctrination, manipulation, and norm internalization, remain invisible to their victims. Thus, critical republicanism connects with social critics of domination, from Marxists to feminists, and brings new thoughts to the dialectic between female oppression and emancipation. 24 Political Philosophy, Social Theory, and Critical Republicanism Second, critical republicanism sets out a distinctive theory of the good of citizenship.