By John Patrick Montano
This ebook issues the political tradition subsidized through the govt of Charles II and its position within the emergence of poltical events from 1660 to 1678. It argues that ideological divisions preceded and helped to precipitate political events. in addition, it goals to teach that executive strategies formed the method of celebration formation, instead of the strategies in their rivals, the 1st Whigs.
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Additional info for Courting the Moderates: Ideology, Propaganda and the Emergence of Party, 1660-1678
De Beer and Keith Feiling were arguing that Danby was responsible for the first organized party. 78 Despite these works and a host of articles79 on “parties” and “groups” during the Restoration the whiggish fixation with the government’s critics persists. D. T. 80 Paul Seaward provides a wealth of detail on the structure of parliamentary politics from 1660–67, but also sees parliamentary divisions being rooted in the factions at court. While demonstrating how prevalent management and organization were in the 1660s, he argues that Clarendon and Sir Henry Bennet had rival groups that were weapons of the competing factions at court.
In the 1630s, we see a popular plot to undermine authority contending with a popish plot to abolish religion and the law: two polarities of emphasis, each aiming to expose the enemies of the ancient constitution. The shared values remained intact, only the source of the conspiracy—the identity of the conspirators—divided the nation. Eliminate the committed conspirators, avoid the ideological extremes, and the traditional unity would be preserved. The coveted traditional unity may never have existed, but Mark Kishlansky and Conrad Russell have shown how important accommodation and unanimity were to parliamentary “selection” before the wars.
This view, while acknowledging Scott’s emphasis on a “restoration crisis” which goes beyond the single issue of exclusion, also offers an alternative to his fusion of popery and arbitrary government. In the same way that he and J. C. D. Clark dismiss any discussion of party in the Restoration as teleological, the idea that the “restoration crisis” was only about “popery and arbitrary government” might be questioned for the same reason. Today every English schoolchild knows that popery was the cause of the Glorious Revolution of 1688–89; thanks to Scott’s chapter on the “Shadow of the Past,” we are reminded of how the issue of Catholicism threatened the monarchy in the 1670s as well as the 1620s, 1630s, 1640s.