By Margo A. Mastropieri, Thomas E. Scruggs
Necessary to the remedy of studying and behavioral disabilities is an figuring out of the cognitive approaches introduced into play in academic contexts, how they give a contribution to difficulties in studying and behaviour, and the way those tactics can be ameliorated. both vital is a cautious attention of the atmosphere within which studying occurs, and the way it ameliorates, or contributes to, studying and behavioral issues. during this quantity, the position of cognition in studying and behavioral problems is taken into account besides research of studying in various settings, together with medical, detailed category, and inclusive common schooling school rooms. during this quantity are chapters on such cognitive procedures as operating reminiscence, spatial studying, and cognition in arithmetic. additionally, studying is tested inside of various environment preparations, and considers such issues because the context of teacher-student relationships, co-teaching preparations in inclusive guide, concerns in academic placement, clinically-based interventions for dyscalculia, collaborative educating relationships in inclusive social experiences instructing. This quantity comprises contributions from across the world famous specialists within the box of studying and behavioral disabilities. The e-book is meant for pros and practitioners; researchers in studying and behavioral disabilities; and graduate scholars in psychology, schooling, and targeted schooling, really these taken with the problems of cognition and studying in numerous tutorial contexts.
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Extra info for Cognition and Learning in Diverse Settings, Volume 18 (Advances in Learning and Behavioral Disabilities)
Individual differences in working memory capacity and what they tell us about controlled attention, general fluid intelligence, and functions of the prefrontal cortex. In: A. Miyake & P. Shah (Eds), Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control (pp. 102–134). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Engle, R. , Tuholski, S. , Laughlin, J. , & Conway, A. R. (1999b). Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: A latent-variable approach.
1999a, 1999b; Kyllonen & Christal, 1990). 80. Executive processing is seen as a key component linking these two tasks. Thus, it is rather unexpected that RD children with average intelligence will have difficulty on WM tasks. Further, these difficulties in WM are also apparent when such children are carefully matched to normal achieving counterparts on psychometric IQ measures. 24 OLGA JERMAN AND H. LEE SWANSON Before reviewing our finding on the relationship between WM and intelligence in samples with RD, three points must be made.
Both. Zafarty et al. (2004) compared 3- and 4-year-old deaf and hearing children’s ability to remember and to reproduce the number of items in a set of objects, in two different experimental conditions. Deaf children performed as well as the hearing children in the temporal tasks, but outperformed their counterparts in the spatial tasks. These results suggest that preschool deaf children’s number representation is at least as advanced as that of hearing children, and that they are actually better than hearing children at representing the number of objects in spatial arrays.